Silos are structures that are used for storing bulk materials. These are used in various fields and industries to store end products of distinct processes – mainly to store grains, cement, coal, food and these other products. Silos are divided into three major categories based upon their orientation, functionality and construction.
Follows the categorical description:
- Cement silos:
These are used for storing cement and other powdered materials like cement. Cement silos are divided into two classes – Low-level silos (portable ) and Static upright silos. Low level ones are very advantageous due to their mobility as it helps in transportation. One other significant plus of low-level silos is they come equipped with digital systems that reflect the exact status of the stored quantity inside. Static silos aren’t mobile but they’re also advantageous as they need lesser maintenance. Static silos also boast of a larger capacity, they can store up to 80 tons of a material.
As the name suggests, these are assembled in form of towers – cylindrical towers to be precise. These towers can be constructed with various materials like wood, concrete, steel and others. These are heavy and not portable, consequently such traits make them difficult to unload and transport. In the event of tower silos, transport is usually practiced in train cars. The weight comes to help the packaging of materials within the silos, which is the sole merit induced because of being too heavy.
- Concrete stave silos:
These are constructed with concrete as the construction material. The structure is held together with the aid of reinforced steel around the circumference. The reinforced concrete provides great strength and durability to the building.
There are few other types of silo storage such as bunker silos and bag silos, but they are not used on a larger scale.
Utility is the thing that makes silo storage systems a necessity for any organization involved in manufacturing. Also, it’s difficult to overlook the advantages of Silo storage systems over orthodox storage systems.
- Better protection for perishable grains:
Grains are perishable also, though they have a great shelf life. Silo storage systems help in increasing that shelf life even further by providing better security.
- Large storage in a restricted space:
Due to their definite shape, they provide greater storage in a restricted space. It helps in minimizing the property requirement for set up of storage.
Typical engineering makes sure that moisture and other harsh climatic conditions does not affect the quality of the material stored inside.
- Easy unloading:
Silos include a mechanism of unloading which aids in unloading the materials for the purpose of transport.